Neigborhoods

Murray Hill

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Murray Hill derives its name from the Murray family, 18th-century Quaker merchants mainly concerned with shipping and overseas trade. Robert Murray (1721–1786), the family patriarch, was born in Pennsylvania and came to New York in 1753 after a short residence in North Carolina. He quickly established himself as a merchant, eventually owned more shipping tonnage than any other New Yorker. About 1762 rented land from the city for a great house and farm. His great house, which he named Inclenberg (or Belmont), but which was popularly termed Murray Hill, was built on a since-leveled hill at what is today Park Avenue and Thirty-Sixth Street. The great square house was approached by an avenue of mixed trees leading from the Boston Post Road; it was surrounded with verandas, or “piazzas”, on three sides and commanded views of the East River over Kips Bay. The total area was just over 29 acres (117,000 m²). In today’s terms, the farm began a few feet (meters) south of 33rd Street and extended north to the middle of the block between 38th and 39th Streets. At the southern end, the plot was rather narrow but at the northern end it went from approximately Lexington Avenue to a spot between Madison and Fifth Avenues.

The most illustrious member of the family was the oldest child, Lindley Murray (1745–1826). A New York lawyer, he was forced into exile after the Revolution as a loyalist. In England, Lindley wrote 11 school textbooks which had their greatest success in the new United States, partly because no international copyright existed and the books could be reprinted without royalties. Some 16 million copies of Murray's books were sold in America. His English Reader utterly dominated the American market for readers from 1815 into the 1840s

DAR plaque on 37th Street at Park Avenue in Manhattan

Mary Lindley Murray is credited with delaying William Howe and his army during General Washington's retreat from New York in 1776. As the story goes, Mrs. Robert Murray, the mother of Lindley and John, invited the group to tea at her mansion in Inclenberg (now Murray Hill), and, through feminine wiles, succeeded in delaying the British troops for a period sufficient to allow a successful American retreat.She is said by Rev. T. Dewitt Talmage to have saved American independence by detaining Lord Howe long enough to permit Israel Putnam to cross the lower end of Manhattan Island and join the forces of George Washington, before Howe was able to overtake him. This detention and the stories told by the fair friend saved 4,000 men, who otherwise would have been cut off and captured.

 

 

 

 

James Thacher, M.D., a gossipy surgeon with the Continental Army, kept a journal that is one of the prime sources of information about the military happenings of the times. In an entry for Sept. 20, Thacher tells the story as follows:The British generals...repaired to the house of a Mr. Robert Murray, a Quaker and friend of our cause; Mrs. Murray treated them with cake and wine, and they were induced to tarry two hours or more, Governor Tryon frequently joking her about her American friends. By this happy incident general Putnam, by continuing his march, escaped...It has since become almost a common saying among our officers, that Mrs. Murray saved this part of the American army.

LOCAL PARKS & ENTERTAINMENT

Gramercy Park Irving Place at 19th Street

[ between East 20th and 21st Street ]

Madison Square Park East 23rd to 26th Street, Broadway to Madison

Stuyvesant Park 2nd Avenue and 16th Street [ between 15th and 17th Streets ]

Asser Levy Recreation Center,

Pool, and Playground Asser Levy Place and East 24 and 25th Street

Belevue South Park East 26th and 28th Street

[ between 1st and 2nd Avevue ]

Union Square Park East 14th to 17th Street, Broadway to 4th Avenue

Flatiron Building 175 Fifth Avenue at 23rd Street

Salmagundi Museum of American Art 47 Fifth Avenue

[ between 11th and 12th Street ]

The Rose Bar and The Jade Bar,

Gramercy Park Hotel 2 Lexington Avenue

Theodore Roosevelt ’s Birthplace 28 East 20th Street

[ between Park and Broadway ]

Police Academy Museum 235 East 20th Street [ between 2nd and 3rd Avenue ]

RESTAURANTS

Abigael’s 1407 Broadway [ between 38th and 39th Street ]

40/40 Club 6 West 25th Street

SCHOOLS

ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS

Friends Seminary 222 East 16th Street

Jack & Jil Schol 208 East 16th Street

P.S. 226 345 East 15th Street

P.S. 40 Augustus St. Gaudens 319 East 19th Street

P.S. JHS 47 - Schol for the Deaf 225 East 23rd Street

United Nations International 25-50 FDR Drive

HIGH SCHOOLS

Baruch Colege High Schol 17 Lexington Avenue

Mabel Dean Bacon Vocational High Schol 127 East 22nd Street

United Nations International 25-50 FDR Drive

Washington Irving High 40 Irving Place

POLICE

13th Precinct 230 East 21st Street [ Tel. 212. 477.7411 ]

LOCAL HOSPITALS

Beth Israel Hospital 1st Avenue and 16th Street

[ Tel. 212.420.2900 ]

US Veterans Hospital 408 1st Avenue [ Tel. 212.213.9808 ]

TRANSPORTATION

SUBWAY 4, 5, 6, L, N, R

BUS M1, M2, M9, M14, M15, M101,

M102, M103

LOCAL POST OFFICES

Muray Hil Post Office 115 East 34th Street

U.S. Post Office 70 West 10th Street

U.S. Post Office 244 East 3rd Street

U.S. Post Office 19 West 33rd Street

Peter Stuyvesant Post Office 432 East 14th Street

Madison Square Post Office 149 East 23rd Street

 

 

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